昌硕人才招聘|内推直招

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英语四级万能句
脱口而出80句
每日一题:no和not的用法
每日一题:动词不定时1
每日一题:动词不定式2
90句美丽的英文及翻译
电子行业英语汇总
每日一题:助动词的用法
英语四级万能句

(一)段首句

1. 关于……人们有不同的观点。一些人认为……

There are different opinions among people as to ____ .Some people suggest that ____.

2. 俗话说(常言道)……,它是我们前辈的经历,但是,即使在今天,它在许多场合仍然适用。

There is an old saying______. It"s the experience of our forefathers,however,it is correct in many cases even today.

3. 现在,……,它们给我们的日常生活带来了许多危害。首先,……;其次,……。更为糟糕的是……。

Today, ____, which have brought a lot of harms in our daily life. First, ____ Second,____. What makes things worse is that______.

4. 现在,……很普遍,许多人喜欢……,因为……,另外(而且)……。

Nowadays,it is common to ______. Many people like ______ because ______. Besides,______.

5. 任何事物都是有两面性,……也不例外。它既有有利的一面,也有不利的一面。

Everything has two sides and ______ is not an exception,it has both advantages and disadvantages.

6. 关于……人们的观点各不相同,一些人认为(说)……,在他们看来,……

People’s opinions about ______ vary from person to person. Some people say that ______.To them,_____.

7. 人类正面临着一个严重的问题……,这个问题变得越来越严重。

Man is now facing a big problem ______ which is becoming more and more serious.

8. ……已成为人的关注的热门话题,特别是在年青人当中,将引发激烈的辩论。

______ has become a hot topic among people,especially among the young and heated debates are right on their way.

9. ……在我们的日常生活中起着越来越重要的作用,它给我们带来了许多好处,但同时也引发一些严重的问题。

______ has been playing an increasingly important role in our day-to-day life.it has brought us a lot of benefits but has created some serious problems as well.

10. 根据图表/数字/统计数字/表格中的百分比/图表/条形图/成形图可以看出……。很显然……,但是为什么呢?

According to the figure/number/statistics/percentages in the /chart/bar graph/line/graph,it can be seen that______ while. Obviously,______,but why?

(二)中间段落句

1. 相反,有一些人赞成……,他们相信……,而且,他们认为……。

On the contrary,there are some people in favor of ___.At the same time,they say____.

2. 但是,我认为这不是解决……的好方法,比如……。最糟糕的是……。

But I don"t think it is a very good way to solve ____.For example,____.Worst of all,___.

3. ……对我们国家的发展和建设是必不可少的,(也是)非常重要的。首先,……。而且……,最重要的是……

______is necessary and important to our country"s development and construction. First,______.What"s more, _____.Most important of all,______.

4. 有几个可供我们采纳的方法。首先,我们可以……。

There are several measures for us to adopt. First, we can______

5. 面临……,我们应该采取一系列行之有效的方法来……。一方面……,另一方面,

Confronted with______,we should take a series of effective measures to______. For one thing,______For another,______

6. 早就应该拿出行动了。比如说……,另外……。所有这些方法肯定会……。

It is high time that something was done about it. For example. _____.In addition. _____.All these measures will certainly______.

7. 为什么……?第一个原因是……;第二个原因是……;第三个原因是……。总的来说,……的主要原因是由于……

Why______? The first reason is that ______.The second reason is ______.The third is ______.For all this, the main cause of ______due to ______.

8. 然而,正如任何事物都有好坏两个方面一样,……也有它的不利的一面,象……。

However, just like everything has both its good and bad sides, ______also has its own disadvantages, such as ______.

9. 尽管如此,我相信……更有利。

Nonetheless, I believe that ______is more advantageous.

10. 完全同意……这种观点(陈述),主要理由如下:

I fully agree with the statement that ______ because______.

(三)结尾句

1. 至于我,在某种程度上我同意后面的观点,我认为……

As far as I am concerned, I agree with the latter opinion to some extent. I think that ____.

2. 总而言之,整个社会应该密切关注……这个问题。只有这样,我们才能在将来……。

In a word, the whole society should pay close attention to the problem of ______.Only in this way can ______in the future.

3. 但是,……和……都有它们各自的优势(好处)。例如,……,而……。然而,把这两者相比较,我更倾向于(喜欢)……

But ______and ______have their own advantages. For example, _____, while_____. Comparing this with that, however, I prefer to______.

4. 就我个人而言,我相信……,因此,我坚信美好的未来正等着我们。因为……

Personally, I believe that_____. Consequently, I’m confident that a bright future is awaiting us because______.

5. 随着社会的发展,……。因此,迫切需要……。如果每个人都愿为社会贡献自已的一份力量,这个社会将要变得越来越好。

With the development of society, ______.So it"s urgent and necessary to ____.If every member is willing to contribute himself to the society, it will be better and better.

6. 至于我(对我来说,就我而言),我认为……更合理。只有这样,我们才能……

For my part, I think it reasonable to_____. Only in this way can you _____.

7. 对我来说,我认为有必要……。原因如下:第一,……; 第二,……;最后……但同样重要的是……

In my opinion, I think it necessary to____. The reasons are as follows. First _____.Second ______. Last but not least,______.

8. 在总体上很难说……是好还是坏,因为它在很大程度上取决于……的形势。然而,就我个人而言,我发现……。

It is difficult to say whether _____is good or not in general as it depends very much on the situation of______. However, from a personal point of view find______.

9. 综上所述,我们可以清楚地得出结论……

From what has been discussed above, we may reasonably arrive at the conclusion that____.

10. 如果我们不采取有效的方法,就可能控制不了这种趋势,就会出现一些意想不到的不良后果,所以,我们应该做的是……

If we can not take useful means, we may not control this trend, and some undesirable result may come out unexpectedly, so what we should do is_____.

脱口而出80句

Any day will do?哪一天都可以?

Any messages for me?有我的留言吗?

  Are you by yourself?你一个人来吗?
  All right with you?你没有问题吧?
  Are you free tomorrow?明天有空吗?
   Are you kidding me?你在跟我开玩笑吧?
   As soon as possible!尽可能快!

  Back in a moment!马上回来!
  Believe it or not!信不信由你!
  Better luck next time!下次会更好!
  Boy will be boys本性难移!
   Come to the point!有话直说!

  Do you accept credit card?收不收行用卡?
  Does it keep long?可以保存吗?
  Don't be so fussy!别挑剔了!
  Don't count to me!别指望我!
  Don't fall for it!不要上当!
  Don't get me wrong!你搞错了!
  Don't give me that!少来这套!

  Don't let me down!别让我失望!
  Don't lose your head!别乐昏了头!
  Don't over do it!别做过头了!
  Don't sit there daydreaming!别闲着做白日梦!
  Don't stand on ceremony!别太拘束!
  Drop me a line!要写信给我!

  Easy come easy go!来得容易去得也快!
  First come first served!先到先得!
  Get a move on!快点吧!
  Get off my back!不要嘲笑我!
  Give him the works!给他点教训!
  Give me a break!饶了我吧!
  Give me a hand!帮我一个忙!
  Great minds think alike!英雄所见略同!

  I'll treat you to lunch。午餐我请你!
  In one ear,out the other ear。一耳进,一耳出!
  I'm spaced-out!我开小差了!
  I beg your pardon!请你再说一遍!
  I can't afford that!我付不起!
  I can't follow you!我不懂你说的!
  I can't help it!我情不自禁!

  I couldn't reach him!我联络不上他!
  I cross my heart!我发誓是真的!
  I don't mean it!我不是故意的!
  I feel very miserable!我好沮丧!
  I have no choice!我别无选择了!
  I watch my money!视财如命!

  I'll be in touch!保持联络!
  I'll check it out!我去看看!
  I'll show you around!我带你四处逛逛!
  I'll see to it!我会留意的!
  I'm crazy for you!我为你疯狂!

  You make me jump!你下了我一跳!
  Make up your mind。作个决定吧!
  Make yourself at home!就当在家一样!
  My mouth is watering!我要流口水了!
  Never heard of it!没听说过!
  Nice talking to you!很高兴和你聊天!
  No doubt about it!勿庸置疑!
  No pain no gain!不经一事,不长一智!
  None of your business!要你管?
  There is nothing on your business!这没你的事!
  Now you are really talking!说得对!
  Please don't rush me!请不要吹促我!

  Please keep me informed!请一定要通知我!
  She looks blue today。她今天很忧郁!
  She is under the weather。她心情不好!
  So far,so good。过得去。
  Speaking of the devil!一说曹操,曹操就到!
  Stay away from me!离我远一点!

  Stay on the ball!集中注意力!
  That makes no difference。不都一样吗?
  That's a touchy issue!这是个辣手得问题!
  That's always the case!习以为常!
  That's going too far!这太离谱了!
  That's more like that!这才象话嘛!

  The answer is zero!白忙了!
  The dice is cast!已成定局了!

  The same as usual!一如既往!
  The walls have ears!隔墙有耳!
  There you go again!你又来了!
  Time is running out!没有时间了!
  We better get going!最好马上就走

ABUIABAEGAAgo9zuxgUo4KXI3Acw2AQ40gI

一. not 的用法

1. not 为副词,常位于 be 动词?情态动词和助动词之后,其意为“不”?例如:

Tom is not a young man. 汤姆不是一个年轻人?

not 可位于动名词?现在分词和不定式符号 to 之前,构成其否定形式?例如:

He asked me not to be late. 他要我不要迟到?

Not finishing her homework, Jenny had to stay at home. 由于没有完成作业,詹妮不得不呆在家里?

2. not 可位于动词 see, appear, hope, believe, suppose, think 和副词 perhaps, probably 以及 be afraid 之后,表示否定意思?例如:

—Will they come back from London next week? 他们下周从伦敦回来吗?

—I hope not. 我希望他们不回来?

其完整形式应该是:I hope they will not come back next week.

3. not 可以与 every, both, all 等词连用,意为“并非,不都是”,表示部分否定?例如:

Not both of them are students. 并非两个人都是学生?

其完全否定形式为:Neither of them is a student. 他们两个都不是学生?

Not all the students have seen this film. 并不是所有的学生都看过这部电影?

其完全否定形式为: None have seen this film. 任何人都没有看过这部电影?

4. not 也可用在省略结构中,代替前面提到的词?短语和句子的否定形式?例如:

Hurry up. If not, you’ll be late. 赶快,否则,你会迟到的?

二no 的用法

1. no 用作副词?

(1) 用于引导否定的答语?例如:

—Do you like a cat? 你喜欢猫吗?

—No, I don’t. 不,我不喜欢?

(2) no 用于谢绝对方的建议或帮助?例如:

—Will you please have some tea? 你喝点茶好吗?

—No, thanks. 不,谢谢?

(3) no 用于表示不同意对方的请求?例如:

—Can you lend Wei Hua ten yuan? 你能借给魏华10元钱吗?

—No, I can’t. 哦,不行?

(4) no 用于形容词和副词的比较级前,其意为“一点也不”?例如:

They are no older. 他们一点儿也不老?

2. no 用作名词时,意为“不,拒绝”或“反对者”?例如:

The noes are crowding there. 反对者正拥挤在那儿?

3. no 用作形容词?

(1) no 置于可数名词单数前面时,相当于 not a; 放在可数名词复数前面或不可数名词前时,相当于 not any, 意为“没有的,全无的”?“远非的?完全不是的”?例如:

No teacher and no student has come yet. 教师和学生一个都没有来?

Kate is no teacher.(=Kate is not a teacher.) 凯特根本不是教师?

(2) no 用于命令或标牌中,意为“禁止的”?例如:

No smoking. 禁止吸烟?

(3) no 用于“there is no doing”结构中,意为“不可能”?例如:

There is no expecting what will happen. 无法预料会发生什么事情?

4. no 可与 body, thing 等词构成复合代词?例如:

Nobody will go to see the film tomorrow. 明天没有人去看电影?



每日一题:动词不定时1

动词不定式
1、构成及特征
动词不定式(infinitive)是动词的一种非限定形式,即非谓语动词形式,它有两种形式:一种是“to + 动词原形”构成(to- infinitive);另一种是不带to的不定式,即动词原形(bare- infinitive)。所有行为动词都有不定式形式,其否定式是在不定式前加not。动词不定式(或不定式短语)没有人称和数的变化,在句子中不能作谓语。动词不定式仍保留有动词的特点:
(1)可以有时式和语态的变化,也可以有自己的宾语或状语,它们一起构成了不定式短语。
He tried to work out the problem in five minutes.他试图在五分钟之内算出这道题。(带宾语和状语)
The factory to be built here next year is a car factory.明年在这里建的工厂是一家汽车制造厂。(有语态的变化)
(2)动词不定式还具有名词形容词副词的特征,在句中可以作主语、宾语、表语、补语、定语、状语等成分。
He wants to study English.他想学英语。(to study English在句中作want的宾语,而to study又有自己的宾语English, to study和English一起构成了不定式短语。)
Never to offend anyone is his principle.不得罪人是他的原则。(不定式作主语)
注意:不定式在许多场合具有情态意义。作主语时,相当于一个带有情态动词主语从句;作宾语时,相当于一个带有情态动词的宾语从句;作定语时,相当于一个带有情态动词的定语从句;作目的状语时,相当于so that 或in order that引导的目的状语从句
It is right for her to say so.(= It is right that she should say so.)她这样说是对的。
He has a lot of work to do.(=… that he should do)他有很多工作要做。
I don’t know where to get the ticket.(= … where I could get the ticket.)我不知道哪里能买到票。
She opened the door for the children to come in.(= … so that the children might come in)她打开门目的是让孩子进来。
2、动词不定式的时态和语态
动词不定式有一般式、进行式、完成式、完成进行式四种时态变化形式,一般式和完成式有被动语态变化形式。
主动语态 被动语态
一般式 to write to be written
进行式 to be writing
完成式 to have written to have been written
完成进行式 to have been writing
(1)不定式的时态意义
不定式的时态是以句中谓语动词的时间为依据的。
不定式的一般式
不定式的一般式表示的动作或状态通常发生在谓语动词之后或同时发生。
They made plans to live in Paris.他们计划住在巴黎。(to live 发生在 made plans之后)
I heard them talk in whispers all the time at the meeting.我听见他们会议期间一直小声说话。(不定式talk与谓语动词heard同时发生)
不定式的进行式
不定式的进行式表示其动作正在进行,与谓语动词发生的动作同时进行。
He pretended to be listening to me carefully.他假装认真地听我讲。
When he came in ,I happened to be reading the novel.他进来时,我碰巧正在读小说。
注意:不定式的进行式常同may, might, can, could, must, need, ought to, should, will, would 等情态动词连用,表示“可能、应当或想必”正在进行的动作。
You oughtn’t to be talking so much. 你不应该说这么多。
He might be reading a novel at that time. 那时他可能正在读小说。
It is good to sit here with you.(坐下来时讲这句话)
It is good to be sitting here with you.(一坐在座位上时讲这句话)
He is said to write a preface to the book.(表示将来)
He is said to be writing a preface to the book.(表示进行)
不定式的完成式
不定式的完成时表达下列意义:
a. 不定式的完成式所表示的动作或状态发生在谓语动词所表示的动作之前。
I am sorry to have kept you waiting.对不起,让你久等了。(to have kept发生在I am sorry所表示的时间之前)
She is said to have just completed a novel.据说她刚完成一部小说。(to have just completed a novel发生在She is said所表示的时间之前)
b. 用在intended, expected, meant, hoped, promised, planned, wished, thought, desired, was, were等词后,不定式的完成式表示未曾实现的愿望、期待、想法、打算或计划等。to have + 过去分词表示动作, to have been表示状态。
I meant to have done the work before Sunday.我本想星期天前完成这项工作。(没完成)
I was to have been a doctor.我本打算当个医生。(没当成)
I intended to have come to see you.我本打算来看你的。(但没来)
C .用在seem, appear, thing, consider, believe等后,表示一个动作先于另一个动作发生。
I seem to have seen her somewhere before.以前我好像在那见过她。(see在seem之前发生)
He was believed to have been a reporter.都认为他从前干过记者。
比较:
She seems to have been ill.= It seems that she has been ill.她似乎病了。
She seemed to have been ill.= It seemed that she had been ill.她似乎过去生过病。
d. 在should(would) like 或should(would)have like后用不定式完成式表示没有实现的愿望。
I should like to have gone with her.我多么愿意和她一起去。(但没去)
I would like to have seen her face when she read the letter.我真想见到她读信时的表情。(但没看到)
不定式的完成进行式
表示动作在谓语动词之前发生,而且一直进行着。
He was happy to have been staying with his uncle.他很高兴一直跟他叔叔住在一起。
He looked too young to have been publishing books for six years.他看上去很年轻,不像已经出版了6年书的人。
come + 不定式表示一个动作发生的过程
He will come to understand it in the end.他最终会懂得的。
Later he came to be a famous painter.后来他成了著名的画家。
(2)动词不定式的被动语态
如果不定式的逻辑主语是不定式动作的执行者不定式用主动式;如果不定式的逻辑主语是不定式动作的承受者时,不定式用被动语态。
The doctor recommended him to air the room.医生建议他让房间透透气。(主动式)
The doctor recommended the room to be aired. 医生建议让房间透透气。(被动式)
The sports meeting on the weekend has to be put off.周末的运动会被迫推迟。(被动式)
What is to be done next?下一步干什么?(被动式)
(3)意义上被动形式上主动的不定式
在“there be+主语”中,不定式用作定语修饰名词或代词,并同所修饰的名词或代词是逻辑上的动宾关系。
There is no time to lose.一点时间也不能浪费了。
There are a lot of clothes to wash.有许多衣服要洗。
There is nothing to do at the moment. 暂时无事可做。
在“名词(代词)+ be easy(difficult, fit等形容词) + 不定式”结构中,有时尽管主语是动作的承受者,不定式在意义上是被动,形式上却是主动,这时可以看成省略了动词逻辑主语for us, for me , for you 等。
The book is difficult to read. 这本书很难读懂。
He is not easy to get on well with. 他不易相处。
如果不定式逻辑主语是不定式动作的执行者,不定式和它修饰的名词虽然在逻辑上有动宾关系,也必须用主动形式,因为逻辑主语同不定式的关系更为直接。
We’ve got plenty to eat.我们有足够的东西吃。(句子主语We在逻辑上是不定式to eat动作的执行者,不定式to eat和它修饰的名词plenty在逻辑上是动宾关系,用主动形式表示被动意义。)
Most people have some similar experience to remember. 大多数人都有一些相似的体会值得记忆。(句子主语Most people在逻辑上是不定式to remember动作的执行者,不定式to remember和它修饰的名词experience在逻辑上是动宾关系,用主动形式表示被动意义。)
注意:不定式和句中主语或其它成分如果不是逻辑上的主谓关系,不定式仍宜用被动形式。
He described the black slaves to be sold at auction.他描写了那些被拍卖出售的黑人奴隶。
We thought the meeting to be held very important.我们认为即将举行的会议很重要。
在too… to 和enough to 结构中,不定式可用主动语态表示被动意义。
The box is too heavy to carry.这个箱子太重了搬不动。
The book cheap enough to buy.这本书很便宜可以买。
blame的不定式作表语时,用主动语态和被动语态表示被动的意义,但含义不同。
You were to blame. (= you are at fault.)这该怪你。
You were to be blamed.(= You are going to be blamed.)你要受到指责。
something, little, what, much, a great deal等作句子主语,表语为to do时,不定式可用主动语态表示被动意义。
A great deal of work remains to do.还有很多工作要做。
What is to do tomorrow? 明天干什么?
to let 表示“出租”作表语时,可用to be let形式,但含义上有些差别。
This house is to let. 此房出租。(从房屋主人的立场讲话,由于房子主人亲自向租房人说或登出广告)
This house is to be let. 此房出租。(从房屋本身来说,代理人向租房人讲话)
a. 不定式和它所修饰的词必须是逻辑上的动宾关系,如果是逻辑上的主谓关系,意义不是被动而是主动。
They have the ability to change things for the better.他们具有使事态好转的能力。
It’s a picture to guide you.这是衣服可以指引你的图。
b. 在同一场合,某些不定式可用主动形式或被动形式,但含义常有细微差别。主动形式经常带有一定的情态意义,如可能、必要、应该等,而被动形式则不带情态意义。例如:
There is nothing to see. 没有什么值得看的。(指没有东西可看)
There is nothing to be seen. 什么也看不见,(指没有东西被看见)
c. 如果不定式与其逻辑主语或被修饰的名词之间存在逻辑上的动宾关系,而不定式中的动词是不及物动词或虽是及物动词,而其本身已经带有宾语的,则不定式后应加一个合适的介词
I have no paper to write on.我没纸写字。
I need a chair to sit on.他需要一把椅子坐下。
d. 下列句型必须用被动式
There’s still much left to be described.还剩很多要描述。
There is no sound to be heard.没听见声音。

每日一题:动词不定式2

3、动词不定式的句法功能
动词不定式具有名词、形容词和副词的特征,因此在句中可以作主语、表语、宾语补足语、定语和状语。
(1)不定式作主语
To make a plan first is a good idea.先制订计划是个好办法。
To die for our motherland is a great honour.为祖国而死,死得光荣。
不定式及不定式短语作主语时,为了平衡句子结构,可用it作形式主语,而把真正的不定式后置。
It is a good idea to make a plan first .首先制订一个计划是一个好主意。
It's a great pleasure to see you again.再次见到你太好了。
It's bad manners to stare at a foreign guest.盯着外国人看是不礼貌的。
在下列情况下只宜采用it作形式主语
a. 在疑问句感叹句中作主语的不定式。
Isn't it a good idea to set up a lab of our own?建一座我们自己的实验室不是个好主意吗?
How important it is to master a foreign language!掌握一门外语是多么重要啊!
b. 当句中谓语动词不是be, seem, appear等连系动词时。
It took us 20 minutes to get to the station.赶到车站花了我们20分钟。
It made the boy greatly pleased to get the gift.得到礼物使男孩大为高兴。
c. 在“it +be + adj.+ of + sb.+不定式”结构中。
It's very nice of you to help me with my work.帮我的工作,你真是太好了。
It was silly of us to do so.我们这样做真是太傻了。
d. 有时候,作主语的不定式相当于一个条件从句。
To love others is to be loved.= If you love others you will be loved by others.爱人即爱己。
To build an expressway across the country requires a lot of money.= If you build an expressway across the country, it will require a lot of money.建一条贯通全国的高速公路需要很多钱。
e.如果作主语的不定式短语是及物动词+宾语,则可以把宾语转换为主语,而不定式移到句尾。
To revise the poem took her two weeks. = The poem took her two weeks to revise.修改这首诗花了她两周的时间。(the poem 是revise的逻辑宾语)
To talk with Helen is interesting.= Helen is interesting to talk with.同海伦谈话很有趣。
(2)不定式作表语
主语、表语都是不定式,前者是条件,后者是目的或结果。
To learn a language is to use it.学语言是为了使用语言。
To be kind to the enemy is to be cruel to the people.对敌人仁慈就是对人民残酷。
主语是duty, plan, wish, hope, idea, purpose等名词。
His wish was to become a scientist.他的愿望是当一名科学家。
To the doctor ,the most important thing is to save people's lives.对医生来说,最重要的事是拯救人们的生命。
表示时态发展的结果、预期的结果、不幸的命运或预言。
You are to die at 98.你会98岁去世。
Man is to live a better life in the next century.人类在下一世纪会生活的更好。
表示“同意、安排、命令、决定、劝告、意愿 、禁止”等。
They are to marry next week.(安排)他们下周结婚。
Nobody is to know.(禁止)不应让任何人知道。
You must be patient and persistent if you are to succeed.(愿望)要想成功,就必须有耐力,有毅力。
主语是what引导的名词性从句。
What surprised me most is to see him beaten black and blue.使我吃惊的是看到他被打得遍体鳞伤。
What is important at present is to save lives.目前救人要紧。
(3)不定式作宾语
有些及物动词常跟不定式作宾语,如agree, afford, arrange, ask, begin , decide, forget, hope, like , start , want, wish等。
She wanted to borrow my bike.她想借我的自行车。
They began to read and write.他们开始读写。
不定式也可用来作形容词的宾语,如able, afraid, anxious, careful, content, determined, eager, foolish, free, glad, inclined, likely, pleased, prepared, ready, slow, sure, sorry, willing等。
The boys and girls are anxious to learn how to swim.孩子们渴望学会游泳。
I'm glad to meet you.见到你我很高兴。
a. 不定式作宾语时,句子的主语是不定式的逻辑主语,与不定式动词的关系是主动关系,但有时不定式和主语却是动宾关系。
English is not difficult to learn.英语不难学。
The question is easy to answer.这个问题很好回答。
b. feel, find, judge, make, think, believe, consider等动词后如果是不定式作宾语,后面有宾语补足语时,将真正的宾语不定式放在补足语的后面,而将形式宾语it放在补语之前。
He found it hard to learn maths.他发现数学很难学。
I think it our duty to support the elder.我认为赡养老人是我们的义务。
(4)不定式作定语
不定式作定语时,需放在它所修饰的名词或代词之后。它与所修饰的名词或代词有下列关系:
动宾关系
Have you got anything to say?你有什么要说的吗?
She did not have much money to spend.她没有更多的钱花。
注意:如果不定式的动词是不及物动词,和所修饰名词搭配的介词不能省略。
He had no room to live in.他没房子住。
There are 60 desks for us to sit by.有六十张桌子供我们坐。
主谓关系
He is always the first to come and last to leave.他总是第一个来,最后一个走。
The next train to arrive is from Washington.下一列到站的火车是从华盛顿开来的。
同位语关系
The farmers thought of ways to protect their crops.农民们想出保护庄稼的办法。
He had the wish to be an artist. 他愿意当艺术家。
a. 不定式可以修饰there be 结构中作主语的名词
There is nothing to worry about.没什么可担心的。
There is enough money to spare.钱足够用。
b. 有些动词和形容词后常跟不定式,这些词派生出来的名词ability, agreement, anxiety, attempt, claim, decision, determination, eagerness, need, plan, promise, tendency, willingness, wish, impatience, inclination等常跟不定式作定语,这类词后的不定式常表同位关系
She had a tendency to talk too much.她喜欢唠叨。
His eagerness to get back home was quite obvious.看的出,他急于回家。
(5)不定式作状语
不定式作状语时,常表示目的、结果、原因、条件等,通常放在它所修饰的动词之后。
表目的
不定式作目的状语时,其动作发生在谓语动词之后,一般放在句子后部。但如要表示强调,也可以位于句首,前面可加in order,不定式作目的状语时其否定必须用in order not +不定式,或so as not +不定式。in order to 引出的不定式可置于句首或句中,so as not+不定式不能放在句首,只能放在句中。
He stopped to have a rest.他停下来休息。(目的)
To search for gold, many people went to California.为了寻找金子,许多人去了加利福尼亚。(目的)
I often read China Daily so as to improve my reading.我常读《中国日报》以提高我的阅读。(目的)
We often listen to English broadcasts to/in order to/so as to get listening training.我们经常听英语广播,以增强听力训练。
此句可改变:To/In order to (但不能用so as to)get listening training, we often listen to English broadcasts.
比较:在英语中,目的一般用不定式表示,而不用for+动名词或者分词表示。
She has phoned to say that she will resign.她打电话说她要辞职。(不用for saying)
We eat to live.我们吃饭是为了生存。(不用for eating)
To pass the exam, he worked hard at his lesson.为了能通过考试,他刻苦读书。(此处不能用Passing the exam)
表示结果
A few days later he came back only to find that the troop had left.他几天后回来,发现部队已经离开了。(不定式动作后发生)
She tried to kill herself only to be saved.她企图自杀,后来被救了。(常代only 一词表明是结果)
Few people live to be a hundred years old.很少有人能活到一百岁。
a. 形容词如right, polite, crazy, generous, good, greedy, kind, selfish, silly, splendid, nice, unselfish, unkind等对人进行表扬或批评,后接不定式表示结果,不定式的逻辑主语也就是句子主语。
He is very polite to show us the way.他很有礼貌给我们指路。
He is silly to say so. 他这么说太傻了。
b. 不定式和only连用,表示未预料到的结果。
He woke up only to find himself famous.他一觉醒来,竟发现自己成名了。
The thief broke into the house only to find it empty.小偷闯进屋子,却发现是空的。
c.在so… as to, such …as to, enough to等结构中的不定式皆表示结果。
He is too young to join the army.他太年轻了,不能参军。
He is so careless as to forget his pen.她太粗心了,以至于把钢笔忘了带。
d.“too …to”表示结果意为:太……而不能……,但有时不含否定意义。
He is too excited to sleep.他太激动了,不能入睡。(否定)
We are only too pleased to work together with you.我们同你一起工作,真是太高兴了。(肯定)
You are too ready to find out fault with others.你太好挑剔别人了。(肯定)
表示原因,其逻辑主语是句子的主语。
She wept to see him in such a terrible state.她看到他这种可怕的样子就哭了。
The whole nation was in deep sorrow to learn the death of Lincoln. 听到林肯去逝的消息,全国都沉浸在悲痛之中。
表示条件
动词不定式有时也可以表示条件,一般置于句首,否定不定式表示条件多置于句尾,这时谓语动词常含有will, shall, should, would, can, must等。
To hear him talk, you would think he owned the whole world.要是听他讲话,你会认为整个世界都是他的。
One would be careless not to see the mistake.如果一个人看不到自己的缺点他就会疏忽大意。
表示伴随
这种情况不定式常以独立结构出现。
They divided the work, John to wash the vegetables and Mary to cook the meal.他们做了分工,约翰洗菜;玛丽做饭。
A number of students sat around the professor, some to ask questions, some to discuss among themselves.一些学生围着教授坐,有的问问题,有的自己讨论。
表明说话人的态度, 在句中作独立成分。
To tell the truth, this all Greek to me.说实话,我对此一窍不通。
To make a long story short, he became bankrupt.简单的说,他破产了。
To be true, we can do it well.当然,我们能做好。
除此之外还有:
to be brief 简而言之、to be exact 精确的说、to be frank with you老实对你说 、to be plain 老实说 、to put it straight直截了当、to bring the story short长话短说、to return to my subject言归正传、to change the subject换一个话题、to use his own words用自己的话说、to make matter worse更糟的是、to give him his due公正地说、strange to say奇怪地说、to say nothing of姑且不讲、to conclude总之、to crown all更好(坏)的是、to be honest直率地说、to start /begin with首先、to do him justice说句公道话、to sum up总之,总而言之等。这些短语大都位于句首,偶尔位于句中或句尾,需要用逗号和其他成分隔开。但表示“更不用说”的几个短语一般要放在句尾,如to say nothing of, not to say, not to mention, not to speak of, let alone, much less, much more 等。
(6)不定式作宾语补足语和主语补足语
不定式作宾语补足语时,宾语与不定式构成复合宾语,宾语是不定式的逻辑主语。
Lucy asked him to turn down the radio.露茜叫他把录音机关得小一些。
Jim told Ling Feng to give his best wishes to everybody.吉姆告诉凌峰转告他对每个人的衷心的祝愿。
a. 动词believe, consider, declare, find, prove, suppose, feel, think等后面常跟to be 不定式作宾补。有时to be 可以省略。这类不定式改为被动语态后就变成了主语补足语。
We believe her (to be) innocent.我们相信她无罪。
I consider him (to be) a great man.我认为他很伟大。
She was considered (to be) too lazy.都认为她很懒。
b. 感官动词如feel, see, hear, watch, notice, observe, listen to, look at 等以及使役动词make, have, let 等在跟不定式作宾语补足语时省略不定式符号to。但在转换成被动语态时要加上to。
I heard him sing next door.我听见他在隔壁唱过歌。
He was heard to sing next door.有人听见他在隔壁唱过歌。
She made the boy go to bed early.她让那个男孩早睡觉。
The boy was made to go to bed early.那个男孩被迫早睡觉。
c. 在动词find与help之后,不定式可以带to也可以不带to。
He was surprised to find the sheep (to) break the fence at this season.他发现羊在此季节越出羊栏,感到惊讶

90句美丽的英文及翻译


1.我的世界不允许你的消失,不管结局是否完美.

No matter the ending is perfect or not, you cannot disappear from my world.

2.爱情是一个精心设计的谎言

Love is a carefully designed lie.

3.承诺常常很像蝴蝶,美丽的飞盘旋然后不见

Promises are often like the butterfly, which disappear after beautiful hover.

4.凋谢是真实的 盛开只是一种过去

Fading is true while flowering is past

5.为什么幸福总是擦肩而过,偶尔想你的时候….就让….回忆来陪我.

Why I have never catched the happiness? Whenever I want you ,I will be accompanyed by the memory of...

6.爱情…在指缝间承诺 指缝….在爱情下交缠.

Love ,promised between the fingers

Finger rift,twisted in the love

7.如果你为着错过夕阳而哭泣,那么你就要错群星了

If you weeped for the missing sunset,you would miss all the shining stars

8.感受梦的火焰,感觉飞舞瞬间,当一切浪漫遥远,永恒依然

to feel the flame of dreaming and to feel the moment of dancing,when all the romance is far away,the eternity is always there

9.茹菓只遈遇见,吥能停畱,吥茹吥遇见.

If we can only encounter each other rather than stay with each other,then I wish we had never encountered .

10.宁愿笑著流泪,嘢不哭著说后悔 心碎了,还需再补吗?

I would like weeping with the smile rather than repenting with the cry,when my heart is broken ,is it needed to fix?

11.天空没有翅膀的痕迹,而鸟儿已飞过

There are no trails of the wings in the sky, while the birds has flied away.

12.与你保持着一种暖昧的关系,怕自己会爱上你,怕你离开后,我会流泪

When keeping the ambiguity with you ,I fear I will fall in love with you, and I fear I will cry after your leaving.

13.人活着总是要得罪一些人的 就要看那些人是否值得得罪

When alive ,we may probably offend some people.However, we must think about whether they are  deserved offended.

14.谁捡走了我的玻璃鞋,寻找遗失的玻璃鞋.

I am looking for the missing glass-shoes who has picked it up

15.命里哊时钟需哊 命里无时莫强求

You will have it if it belongs to you,whereas you don't kveth for it if it doesn't appear in your life.

16.没有谁对不起谁,只有谁不懂得珍惜谁.

No one indebted for others,while many people don't know how to cherish others.

17.永远不是一种距离,而是一种决定。

Eternity is not a distance but a decision.

18.在回忆里继续梦幻不如在地狱里等待天堂

Dreaming in the memory is not as good as waiting for the paradise in the hell

Where there is great love, there are always miracles.

19.哪里有真爱存在,哪里就有奇迹。

20Love is like a butterfly. It goes where it pleases and it pleases where it goes.

爱情就像一只蝴蝶,它喜欢飞到哪里,就把欢乐带到哪里。

21.If I had a single flower for every time I think about you, I could walk forever in my garden.

假如每次想起你我都会得到一朵鲜花,那么我将永远在花丛中徜徉。

22.Within you I lose myself, without you I find myself wanting to be lost again.

有了你,我迷失了自我。失去你,我多么希望自己再度迷失。

23.At the touch of love everyone becomes a poet.

每一个沐浴在爱河中的人都是诗人。

24.Look into my eyes - you will see what you mean to me.

看看我的眼睛,你会发现你对我而言意味着什么。

25.Distance makes the hearts grow fonder.

距离使两颗心靠得更近。

26.I need him like I need the air to breathe.

我需要他,正如我需要呼吸空气。

27.If equal affection cannot be, let the more loving be me.

如果没有相等的爱,那就让我爱多一些吧。

28.Love is a vine that grows into our hearts.

爱是长在我们心里的藤蔓。

29.If I know what love is, it is because of you.

因为你,我懂得了爱。

30.Love is the greatest refreshment in life.

爱情是生活最好的提神剂。

31.Love never dies.

爱情永不死。

32.The darkness is no darkness with thee.

有了你,黑暗不再是黑暗。

33.We cease loving ourselves if no one loves us.

如果没有人爱我们,我们也就不会再爱自己了。

34.There is no remedy for love but to love more.

治疗爱的创伤唯有加倍地去爱。

35.When love is not madness, it is not love.

如果爱不疯狂就不是爱了。

36.A heart that loves is always young.

有爱的心永远年轻。

37.Love is blind.

爱情是盲目的。

38.Love is like the moon, when it does not increase, it decreases.

爱情就像月亮,不增则减。

39.The soul cannot live without love.

灵魂不能没有爱而存在。

40.Brief is life, but love is long.

生命虽短,爱却绵长。

41.Who travels for love finds a thousand miles not longer than one.

在爱人眼里,一千里的旅程不过一里。

42.Love keeps the cold out better than a cloak.

爱比大衣更能驱走寒冷。

43.Take away love, and our earth is a tomb.

没有了爱,地球便成了坟墓。

44.My heart is with you.

我的爱与你同在。

45.I miss you so much already and I haven't even left yet!

尽管还不曾离开,我已对你朝思暮想!

46.I'll think of you every step of the way.

我会想你,在漫漫长路的每一步。

47.Wherever you go, whatever you do, I will be right here waiting for you. 无论你身在何处,无论你为何忙碌,我都会在此守候。

48.Passionate love is a quenchless thirst.

热烈的爱情是不可抑制的渴望。

49.The most precious possession that ever comes to a man in this world is a woman's heart.

在这个世界上,男人最珍贵的财产就是一个女人的心。

50.One word frees us of all the weight and pain in life.That word is love. 有一个词可以让我们摆脱生活中所有的负担和痛苦,那就是"爱情"。

51.Every day without you is like a book without pages.

没有你的日子就像一本没有书页的书。

52.Love is hard to get into, but harder to get out of.

爱很难投入,但一旦投入,便更难走出。

53.Love is a light that never dims.

爱是一盏永不昏暗的明灯。

54.May your love soar on the wings of a dove in flight.

愿你的爱乘着飞翔的白鸽,展翅高飞。

55.She who has never loved, has never lived.

人活着总要爱一回。

56.Life is the flower for which love is the honey.

生命如花,爱情是蜜。

57.No words are necessary between two loving hearts.

两颗相爱的心之间不需要言语。

58.Precious things are very few in this world. That is the reason there is just one you.

在这世上珍贵的东西总是罕有,所以这世上只有一个你。

59.You make my heart smile.

我的心因你而笑。

60.The road to a lover's house is never long.

通往爱人家里的路总不会漫长。

61.Why do the good girls, always want the bad boys?

为何好女孩总喜欢坏男孩?

62.Being with you is like walking on a very clear morning.

和你在一起就像在一个清爽的早晨漫步。

63.It is never too late to fall in love.

爱永远不会嫌晚。

64.To the world you may be just one person. To the person you may be the world.

对于世界,你可能只是一个人,但对于某个人,你却是整个世界。

65.Where there is love, there are always wishes.

哪里有爱,哪里就有希望。

66.You don't love a woman because she is beautiful, but she is beautiful because you love her.

你不会因为美丽去爱一个女人,但她却会因为你的爱而变得美丽。

67.Love is something eternal; the aspect may change, but not the essence.

爱是永恒的,外表可能改变,但本质永远不变。

68.Love is not a matter of counting the days. It's making the days count.

爱情不是数着日子过去,它让每个日子都变得有意义。

69.With the wonder of your love, the sun above always shines.

拥有你美丽的爱情,太阳就永远明媚。

70.Love is a fabric that nature wove and fantasy embroidered.

爱情是一方织巾,用自然编织,用幻想点缀。

71.First love is unforgettable all one's life.

初恋是永生难忘的。

72.In the very smallest cot there is room enough for a loving pair.

哪怕是最小的茅舍,对一对恋人来说都有足够的空间。

73.Love without end hath no end.

情绵绵,爱无边。

74.Love's tongue is in the eyes.

爱情的话语全在双眼之中。

75.In love folly is always sweet.

恋爱中,干傻事总是让人感到十分美妙。

76.There is no hiding from lover's eyes.

什么也瞒不过恋人的眼睛。

77.The only present love demands is love.

爱所祈求的唯一礼物就是爱。

78.The heart that once truly loves never forgets.

真挚恋爱过的心永不忘却。

79.Love warms more than a thousand fires.

爱情的炽热胜过千万团的火。

80.Your smiling at me is my daily dose of magic.

你嫣然的微笑是我每日享受到的魅力。

81.Your kiss still burns on my lips, everyday of mine is so beautiful.

你的吻还在我的唇上发烫,从此我的日子变得如此美丽。

82.Love understands love; it needs no talk.

相爱的心息息相通,无需用言语倾诉。

83.Love me little and love me long.

不求情意绵绵,但求天长地久。

84.First impression of you is most lasting.

对你最初的印象,久久难以忘怀。

85.When the words "I love you" were said by you for the first time, my world blossoms.

第一次听到你对我说"我爱你",我的世界一瞬间鲜花绽开。

86.Tell me you are mine. I'll be yours through all the years, till the end of time.

请告诉我你是我的。岁岁年年,我都属于你,永远永远。

87.Love is a fire which burns unseen.

爱情是无形燃烧的火焰。

88.I feel happy at times we have had angry words but these have been kissed away.

我们生气争执时,爱的双唇把它们吻得无影无踪,我的心也顿觉甜蜜。

89.You cannot appreciate happiness unless you have known sadness too.

不知道什么是忧伤,就不会真正感激幸福。

90.But if the while I think on thee, dear friend, all losses are restored, and sorrows end.

只要我一想起你,亲爱的人,所有的失落和遗憾烟消云散

电子行业英语汇总

EVT: Engineering Verification Test
工程验证测试
产品开发初期的设计验证。设计者实现样品时做初期的测试验证,包括功能和安规测试,一般由RD(Research&Development)对样品进行全面验证,因是样品,问题可能较多,测试可能会做N次。

DVT: Design Verification Test          
设计验证测试
解决样品在EVT阶段的问题后进行,对所有信号的电平和时序进行测试,完成安规测试,由RD和DQA(Design Qualiy Assurance)验证。此时产品基本定型。

DMT: Design Maturity Test
成熟度验证
可与DVT同时进行,主要极限条件下测试产品的MTBF(Mean Time Between Failure)。HALT(High Accelerated Life Test)&HASS(High Accelerated Stress Screen)等,是检验产品潜在缺陷的有效方法。

MVT: Mass-Production Verification Test
量产验证测试
验证量产时产品的大批量一致性,由DQA验证。

PVT: Pilot-run Verification Test
小批量过程验证测试,
验证新机型的各功能实现状况并进行稳定性及可靠性测试

MP:  Mass-Production
量产


附: [制造部常用英文]
Engineer 工程

PE:  Products Engineer; 生产工程   Process engineer  制程工程

TE:  Test Engineer  测试工程

ME:  Manufacturing Engineer;  制造工程; Mechanical Engineer 机械工程

IE:  Industrial Engineer  工业工程

DCC: Document Control Center  文管中心

BOM: Bill OF Material  材料清单

ECN:  Engineering Change Notice  工程变动公告

TECN: Temporary Engineering Change Notice   工程临时变动公告

ATY: Assembly Test Yield     Total Yield  直通率

TPM:  Total Productivity Maintenance  

PM: Product Manager; Project Manager

DCR: Design Change Request 设计变更要求

ECR: Engineering Change Request  工程变更申请

ECO: Engineering Change Request  工程变更指令

EN:  Engineering Notice  工程通报

WPS: Work Procedure Sheet   工作说明书

ICT: In Circuit Test  电路测试

P/R:  pilot  run;  C/R control run   T/R  trial run 试做

EVT: engineer Verification Test  工程验证测试

DVT:  Design Verification Test   设计验证测试

MVT: Mass Verification Test  多项验证测试

ORT: On Going Reliability Test  出货信赖性测试

S/W:software  软件

H/W: hardware  硬件

DCN: Design Change Notice  设计变更通知

PVT: Production Verification Test  生产验证测试

MTF: Modulation Transfer Function  调整转换功能

CAT: Carriage Alignment Tool    载器调整具

ID: Industrial Design   工业设计(外观设计)

PCBA: Printed Circuit Board Assembly  电路板组装

F/T: Function Test  功能测试

CCD: Charge Coupled Device  扫描仪之读器

ERS: External Reference Spec  外部规格

PMP: Production Management Plan  工程管理计划

QA  Quality Assurance 质量保证

QRA :Quality & Reliability Assurance质量与可靠性保证

MQA :Manufacturing Quality Assurance 制造质量保证

DQA: Design Quality Assurance 设计质量保证

QC: Quality Control 质量控制

IQC: Incoming Quality Control 收益质量控制

VQC: Vendor Quality Control  售货质量控制

IPQC: In Process Quality Control 制程质量控制

OQA: Out going Quality Control 出货质量控制

QE:  Quality Engineer 质量工程

AQL: Acceptable Quality Level 可接受的质量水平

DPPM: Defective Pieces Per Million units 百万件中有损件数

PPM: Pieces Per Million 百万分之一

CS: Custom Service  顾客服务

MRB: Marerial Review Board  

DMR Defective Material Report  材料缺陷报告

RMA: Return Marerial Administration  材料回收处理

Life Test 寿命测试

T/C: Temperature Cycle  温度循环

H/T: High Temperature Test  高温测试

L/T: Low Temperature Test  低温测试

ISO: International Standard Organization  国际标准化组织

SPC: Statistic process control  统计过程控制

5S: 整理.整顿.清理.清扫.素养

VMI: Visual Mechanical Inspection  外观机构检验

MIL-STD: Military Standard  美军标准

SPEC: Specification  规格

AVL: Approval Vendor List  合格厂商

QVL: Qualified Vendor List  合格厂商

FQC: Final Quality Control  最终质量控制

OBA: Open Box Audit  成品检验

EAR: Engineering Analysis Request

FAI: First Article Inspection  首件检验

VQM: Vendor Quality Management  厂商质量管理

CAR: Corrective Action Request  改进对策要求

4M: Man; Machine; Material; Method 人,机,材,方法

5M: Man; Machine; Material; Method; Mwasurment 人,机,材,方法,测量

MTBF: Mean Time Between Failure 平均寿命

TTL: Total

FIN  Finance&Accounting  财务与账目

P&L: Profit & Lose

PV : Performance Variance 现象差异

3 Element of Cost = M,L,O

M:  Material 材料

L:  Labor 人力

Overhead 管理费用

Fix OH  Fix Overhead 固定管理费用

Var OH  Variable Overhead 不定管理费用

COGS  Cost Of Goods Sold 工厂制造成本

AR:  Account Receivable 应收

AP: Account Payable 应支

MIS  Management Information System 资迅管理系统

IS: Information System 资迅系统

IT: Information Technology 系统技术

MRP: Material Requisition Plan 材料需求计划

I2:Information Integration System 资迅整合系统

SAP: System Application Programming 系统申请项目

ERP: Enterprise Resource Programming 企业资源项目

HR:Human Resource 人力资源

PR: Public Relation 公共关系

T/O: Turn Over Rate=Monthly T/O Total People*12

GR: General Affair 总务

HQ  Head Quarter 总公司

Chairmen  主席                 Lite-On  Group 光宝集团

President总裁

Executive Vice President 常务副总裁

Vice President 副总裁

PE: Product Engineer 产品工程师 Process Engineer 制程工程师

ME: Mechanical Engineer 机构工程师

IE:Industrial Engineer 工业工程师

Organization  组织

HR Human Resource 人力资源部

FIN Finance 财务

Sales 销售

R&D: Research & Developing 研发部

QA: Quality Assurance质量保证   QA  DQA CS

QE: Quality Engineer 品质工程师  CQE

MIS: Management Information System 资迅管理系统

PUR  采购  Purchasing

IMD: Image Management Division 影像管理事业部

ITS: Information Technology System 计算机部

QRA: Quality Reliability Assurance 品保部

MFG: Manufacturing  制造部

PMC: Production & Material Control 生(产)物(料)管(理)

Materials 材料

PC: Production Control 生产控制

MPS: Mass Production Schedule 量产计划

FGI: Finished goods Inventory 成品存货

UTS: Units To Stock 存货单元

WIP: Working In Process Inventory 在制品

C/T: Cycle Time 循环时间,瓶颈

WD: Working Days 工作天

MTD: Month To Days 月初到今日(例如总表整理)

YTD: Year To Days年初到今日

SO: Sales Order 销售清单

MO: Manufacture Order 制造清单

BTO: Build  To  Order 订单生产

P/N: Part Number 料号

MC: Material Control 材料控制

MRP: Material Requisition Plan 材料需求计划

INV: Inventory 存货清单

Inv Turn Over Days=INVS/NSB X WD 库存周转天数

PSI: Production Shipping Inventory 预备待出货

JIT: Just In Time 实时

Safety Inventory 安全存量

CKD: Completed Kits Delivery 全件组装出货

SKD: Semi Kits Delivery 半件(小件)组装出货

W/H: Warehouse 仓库

Rec: Receiving Center 接收中心

Raw MTL 原物料

F/G: Finish Goods 成品

Import/Export 进出口

SI: Shipping Instruction 发货指令

PL: Packing List 包装清单

Inv: Shipping Invoice 出货发票

ETD: Estimate Arrive 预估离开时间

BL: Bill of Landing 提货单(海运)

AWB: Air Way Bill 提货单(空运)

MAWA: Master Air Way Bill 主提货单

HAWB: House Air Way Bill 副提货单

TEU: Twenty foot Equipment Unit(Contain) 二十英尺货柜

FEU: Forty foot Equipment Unit(Contain) 四十英尺货柜

CY: Container Yard 货柜场

THC: Terminal Handing Charge 码头费

ORC: Original Receiving Charge 码头费

PUR: Purchasing 采购

FOB: Free on Board 货运至甲板(离岸价)

CIF: Cost Insurance Freight 成本+运费+保险

OA: Open Account 开户

TT: Telegram Transfer 电汇

COD: Cash On Delivery

CRP: Cost Reduction Program 降低成本方案

PR: Purchasing Requisition 采购申请

PO: Purchasing Order 采购单

MFG  Manufacturing Production 制造生产

DL: Director Labor 直接人工

IDL: Indirect Labor 间接人工

DLH: Direct Labor Hours 直接工时

Productivity=UTS/DLH

PPH: Pieces Per Hour 每小时件数

Efficiency=Actual/Target(%)

DT: Machine Down Time 停机时间

AI: Auto Insertion 自动插入

MI: Manual Insertion 人工插入

SMD: Surface Mount Device 表面粘着零件

SMT: Surface mount technology 表面粘着技术

B/I: Burn In(for how many hours at how many degree) 烧机

WI: Work Instruction 工作说明

SOP: Standard Operation Procedure 作业指导书

R/I: Run In 运转机器

ESD: Electrical Static Discharge 静电释放

EMI: Electro Magnetic Interference 电磁干扰

MP: Mass Production 量产
RDT:Reliability Demonstration Test可靠度验证测试

每日一题:助动词的用法
ABUIABACGAAgo--8xgUo74vHwQUw2AQ4wgM

be动词,情态动词,助动词do/does的用法区别及练习

助动词,顾名思义就是帮助动词完成疑问及否定的,本身没有什么含义。主要的助动词有be,do,will,have等,其用法详述如下:

一、⑴ 由连系动词am,is,are构成的句子:变一般疑问句时把am,is,are提到句子的前面,句尾用问号即可。变否定句时直接在am,is,are后面加not即可。例如:
肯定句:He is a student.
一般疑问句: Is he a student?
否定句: He is not a student.
画线提问: 对he提问: Who is a student?
对 a student 提问: What is he?

(2)was 是am,is的过去式,were是are的过去式,若句子中有以上两词时,变疑问句及否定句方法与(1)相同。

二、(1) 由情态动词can, may,will ,shall等构成的句子: 变一般疑问句时把 can, may,will ,shall提到句子的前面,句尾用问号即可.变否定句时直接在can,may,后面加not即可. 例如:
肯定句: She can swim.
 一般疑问句: Can she swim?
否定句: She can not swim.
画线提问: 对she提问: Who can swim?
对swim提问: What can she do?

(2)could,might,would,should是can,may,will,shall的过去式,若句子中有以上两词时,变疑问句及否定句方法与(1)相同。
三、(1)由行为动词构成的句子: 需要加助词do或does. 变一般疑问句时把do/does放在句子前面. 变否定句时把don’t/doesn’t放在动词的前面。要注意观察动词的形式并对号入座。一般疑问句和否定句的动词三单式都要变回原型。

play-----do      plays-----does

例如:
肯定句: They play football after school.    He plays football after school.
一般疑问句: Do they play football after school?   Does he play football after school?
否定句: They don't (do not) play football after school. He doesn’t’ play football after school.
画线提问: 对they/he提问: Who plays football after school?  
对play football提问: What do they do after school? What does he do after school?
对after school提问: When do they play football? When does he play football?

(2)did是do和did的过去式,变一般疑问句时把did放在句子前面. 变否定句时把didn’t放在动词的前面, 要注意观察动词的形式并对号入座。一般疑问句和否定句的动词都要变回原型。

四、(1)由have,has构成的现在完成时句子,变一般疑问句时把have,has提到句子的前面,句尾用问号即可。变否定句时直接在have,has后面加not即可。例如:

肯定句:He has read today’s newspaper.

一般疑问句: Has he read today’s newspaper.?
否定句: He has not read today’s newspape
画线提问: 对he提问: Who has read today’s newspaper?
对today’s newspaper提问: What has he did?

  (2)had是have和has的过去式,在构成的过去完成时句子中,变一般疑问句时把had提到到句子的前面,句尾用问号即可。变否定句时直接在had后面加not即可。

(3)若have,has,had没有出现在完成时的句子中,则当实义动词对待,请参考实义动词的用法。

五、第一人称I,we在变疑问句时,应变为第二人称you。“I am, you /we /they are”这是初一最简单的固定搭配,不应再唠叨了吧!

六、is,has,does用于第三人称的现在时态,was用于第三人称的过去时态。

针对性练习

按要求改写句子:
1.I have been to Beijin(一般疑问句)          

 ______ ______ __________ to Beijin?
2.We can see some birds.(一般疑问句)

 ______ ______ see ______ birds?
3.He designs clothes.(一般疑问句)

  ______ he ________ clothes?
4.There were some flowers on the teachers’ desk.(一般疑问句)

______ ______ ______ flowers on the teachers’ desk?
5.There were some apples on the tree.(否定句)
There ______ ______ ______ apples on the tree.
6.I think he is very old.(否定句)
I ______ think he ______ very old.
7.Please colour it green.(否定句)
______ ______ colour it green.
8.They had lunch(变否定句)
______ _______ ______ __________.
9.You may have some hot dogs.(一般疑问句)
_______ ______ ______ ______ ________?.
10.There aren’t any pears in the box.(同义句)
There are ______ pears in the box.
11.This sign means “No smoking”.
 What ______ this sign _________?
12.She has already written the letter.(改为否定句)

she____  _____                

13.She was young.(改为一般疑问句)
______ ______ ____________?
14.My pencils are in the pencil-box.(对划线部分提问)
______ ______ your pencils?
15.I got up at six yesterday(对划线部分提问)

______ ______ __________ you get up yesterday?
16.They liked to walk home.(改为一般疑问句)
______ they ________ _______ _______ _________?
17.These are cars.(用buses改写成选择疑问句)
 Are these cars______ ______ ?
18.My plant is one month old.(就划线部分提问)
_______ ______ ______ _______ plant?
19.Two boys are in our house.(改为there be句型)
 ______ ______ two boys in our house.
20.My plant has two green leaves. (就划线部分提问)
 _______ ______ _______ ______ ______ _______plant __________?
21.Miss Li goes to Hong Kong by plane.(同义句)

Miss Li ________ _________ Hong Kong.

22. The women worked in the shoe factory.(就划线部分提问)
  _______ _______ ______ women __________?

23.He is happy, because he is going to take a trip tomorrow.(就划线部分提问)

_______ _______ ______ _________?

24.My father can cook the meals.(就划线部分提问)

_______ ________ ________ father __________?

25. You should add water often.(一般疑问句)

_______ ______ _______ water often?

一、变否定句时相关词的改变

  肯定句变否定句时,除将谓语变为否定式外,句中其他词语也可能随之改变,如将some改为any,too和also改为either,already改为yet,and改为or等:

  There are some birds in the tree. 树上有些鸟。

  →There aren’t any birds in the tree. 树上没有鸟。

  He likes the girl, too. 他也喜欢这个女孩。

  →He doesn’t like the girl, either. 他也不喜欢这个女孩。

  We have already seen the film. 我们已看过这部电影。

  →We have not seen the film yet. 我们没有看这部电影。

  He likes singing and dancing. 他喜欢唱歌和跳舞。

  →He doesn’t like singing or dancing. 他不喜欢唱歌也不喜欢跳舞。

 二、部分否定与完全否定

  比较以下句子:

  All of us laughed when we heard it. 听到这事时我们都笑了。(肯定句)

  All of us didn’t laughed when we heard it. 听到这事时我们并未都笑。(部分否定)

  Not all of us laughed when we heard it. 听到这事时我们并未都笑。(部分否定)

  None of us laughed when we heard it. 听到这事时我们都没笑。(完全否定)

  【注】可能涉及部分否定的词语有both, all, always, every等,即not both表示“并非两者都”,not all 表示“并非所有的都”,not always 表示“并非总是”,not every表示“并非每个…都”。

练习答案:

1 Have you been, 2. Can you any, 3.Does design, 4.Were there any, 5.were not any, 6.don’t is,

7.Please don’t, 8.They didn’t have lunch, 9.May you have any hot dogs, 10.no, 11.Does mean,

12.has not written the letter yet, 13.Was she young, 14.Where are, 15.What time did , 16.Did like to walk home, 17.aren’t they, 18.How old is you plant, 19,There are , 20.How many green leaves does you have, 21.flies to, 22.Where did the work, 23.Why is he happy, 24.What can you do,

25.should you add.